1. AIDS the “plague” of the 20th-century.
• 7.7 million people living with HIV in 2018
• 240,000 new HIV infections and 71,000 South Africans died from AIDS
• HIV prevalence remains high (18.4%) among the general population
2. Groups are more affected by HIV in South Africa:
• Sex workers
• Men who have sex with men
• Transgender women
• People who inject drugs
• Women and adolescent girls
3. Ways for solving of these problems:
• Investing more than $1.34 billion annually to run its HIV programs
• Religion organizations
• Poverty alleviation
• Affordable medicine, job places, clean water
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, calls the “plague” of the 20th-century.
South Africa has the biggest and most high-profile HIV epidemic in the world, with an estimated 7.7 million people living with HIV in 2018 (population - 53 millions).1 South Africa accounts for a third of all new HIV infections in southern Africa.
In 2018, there were 240,000 new HIV infections and 71,000 South Africans died from AIDS-related illnesses.
South Africa has the largest antiretroviral treatment (ART) program in the world and these efforts have been largely financed from its own domestic resources. In 2015, the country was investing more than $1.34 billion annually to run its HIV programmes.
The success of this ART program is evident in the increases in national life expectancy, rising from 61.2 years in 2010 to 67.7 years in 2015.