The poem begins by describing the story of a brigade comprising of 600 British soldiers, who rode on horsebacks for one and a half miles into the “Valley of death”.
The soldiers followed orders from their commander to charge the enemy forces that had seized their weapons.
None of the soldiers were discouraged or apprehensive by the commander commanding a charge until the soldiers realized that the commanding officer made an earnest mistake, but they still moved forward.
The poem is a ballad since it tells the story of an historical war, that contains several refrains: “Cannon to right of them, Cannon to left of them
Cannon in front of them” (st. 3, vs. 1-3) and “Rode the six hundred (st. 1, vs. 8). Tennyson uses these refrains, to help the readers to remember what the story is telling and, furthermore
not forget the important war. His use of a balled form, therefore, suggests an element of folklore to “The Charge of the Light Brigade”. The folklore is an inspiring act of bravery from the soldiers that the reader always should honor and be reminded of.
However, it is evenly valid to say that Tennyson published the poem because he had a goal for the public not only to never forget the brave soldiers
but also to never forget the stupidity of the aristocracy leadership, and the mistake that resulted in the whole thing to take place.