This novel is written by J.D. Salinger and was published in 1951. The text The Catcher in the Rye is about Holden who has been thrown out of his school, and then goes in search of the truth about the maturation process in life.
He ends up emotionally dysfunctional, which points to the pain of the maturation process. The main character in The Catcher in the Rye is Holden, and he is also the narrator in the text.
This makes the text very distorted from his point of view. It is very clear in the text how Holden really is as a person, because everything is about his opinions and feelings.
There's a symbol in the text that points out that Holden doesn’t want this change, he wants things to remain as they are, without too many changes, and that is The Museum Of Natural History.
He also mentions that he is tired of the fact that every time he visits The Museum Of Natural History something has changed.
This actually shows Holden's view of what his life should be like. There should not be too many changes, and he doesn’t really want this maturation process.
All this means that the themes in the text, for example, can be something such as, pain, the disappointments of adult life, the pain of adult life, the past pursuing, etc.
There is no doubt that the primary functional significance of the text is to point out the bad side of adult life, generally the whole maturation process.
The sender's intention with this text, is to focus on the maturation process and the painful events that can happen when you are going from a boy to a man.
The sender manages this by using both ethos and pathos. Ethos because you read it from someone who has experienced the pain of this maturation process, which is the focus.
Pathos because by reading this text you get close to a vulnerable person, where you feel that you are him, because you read it from his point of view.
As it is written from Holden's point of view, it can be discussed whether the arguments in the text are good for identifying the theme around the maturation process.