Racism and prejudice between Maori and Pakeha in New Zealand is a problem with roots hundreds of years back. Today the relationship has improved as Maoris and Pahekas live amongst each other under the same circumstances.

However, New Zealand still faces racism and clashes between the two cultures. Maori author Kirsty Dunn puts an emphasis on these problems through her short story “Sam”.

“Sam” is about a young Maori boy named Hami whose teacher does not accept his Maori background and family situation. This analytical essay will analyse and interpret the short story with a focus on the characters, setting, language and themes of the short story in relation to the Maori culture.

. Hami is also very independent as he would rather focus entirely on creating his family tree than chatting with the other kids and does not doubt himself when he draws his tree in a completely different way than his classmates.

Hami decides to draw his uncles on the tree instead of making lines connecting the different family members like his classmates. This act shows that Hami looks up to his uncles and therefore see them as his most important family members.

The way Hami acts show that he has a complex personality which makes him a round character. Hami tries to be a good kid and follow the rules hoping that it will have a positive effect on Miss Davis.

However, that is not the effect Hami has on his teacher as she tells him to start over with his family tree and calls him Sam instead of Hami. He does not interact a lot with the other kids but the conflict with the two girls might show that he does not have a great relationship with them.