Guide to analysing non-fiction
1. Sender
2. Topic
3. Receiver
4. Argumentation
5. Modes of Appeal
6. What are the characteristics/style of the text?
7. Rhetorical devices
8. What is the writer’s (or speaker’s) intention/message?
9. How reliable is the text?

Suggestions for language focus: formal, informal, dialect, sociolect, sentence structure, text structure, word class, certain groups of words that support message, rhetorical devices (weak/strong arguments, allusion, repetition, contrasts/antithesis, modes of persuasion (ethos, logos, pathos)

lists, parallels, rhetorical questions, alliteration etc.), imagery (e.g. metaphor, simile, symbolism) … Consider reliability in connection with content, intention and sender.

Guide to analysing non-fiction

1. Sender: Who is speaking?
What is the sender’s/speaker´s background, such as family, education, occupation, religious or political views, social level, age, gender? What is the context/medium?

2. Topic: What is the topic/subject/theme?
What type of text is it? Is it an essay, news article (KISS=Keep It Short and Simple, topical), feature article (long, personal, focus on people), speech, advertisement, letter or interview?