Assembly line | The Industrial Revolution | Essay

Indledning
The history of business starts way back in time when products were handmade until the Industrial Revolution began.

The Industrial Revolution transformed the labor market into a technological production in which assembly lines were introduced.

The revolution began in the 18th century and it was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Europe and the United States .

This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing

and iron production processes, the increasing use of steam power and waterpower, the development of machine tools, and the rise of the mechanized factory system.

Uddrag
Large-scale assembly lines can allow for mass production of goods that would not be possible if products were made from start to finish by a single worker .

This high productivity of mass production resulted in lower cost per unit produced. In addition to the benefits of increased productivity and reduced costs, there were also consequences behind this development.

One of the consequences was that assembly lines changed the way people worked by accelerating the shift from rural areas to cities and increasing the number of people doing repetitive, low-skilled jobs .

Another consequence was that people lost their job due to the new improved technology.

In the 1980s 20 million Americans worked at assembly lines, but when specialized machinery was applied instead of hand tools

the need for employees was reduced because if one worker with help from robots and technology could produce what normally would require 100 workers there was no need for as many employees at the factories.

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