Indholdsfortegnelse
1. Stanza 1: Who is the speaker? What does he do? Does he have a specific aim? What does he see? What is the effect of the repetitions in the stanza?

2. Stanza 2: What does he hear? Why are people unhappy? What does the metaphor “mind-forged manacles” represent? Comment on the effect of repetition.

3. Stanza 3: What is the role of the ruling class?

4. Stanza 4: What is the figurative meaning of “midnight” streets? See also “black’ning” church in stanza 3. Does Blake blame the harlot? Why/why not? Why is the harlot’s curse a climax to all the cries Blake hears?

5. Put the poem into perspective with the period - what role does the industrialisation play for the problems presented in the poem?

6. What is the difference between the two poems in terms of structure and rhyme (video)

7. Compare Blake’s view of London in “London” and Wordsworth’s view of London in “Composed upon Westminster Bridge”. Single out differences and similarities and comment on both poets’ attitudes toward the city. Back up your answers with quotes from the texts.

Uddrag
1. Stanza 1: Who is the speaker? What does he do? Does he have a specific aim? What does he see? What is the effect of the repetitions in the stanza?

The poem is told from the perspective of a first-person speaker, an observer of the people and the landscape in London.

This is illustrated through the use of the personal pronoun “I”, which we see in the first line of the first stanza: “I wander thro’ each charter’d street”

The speaker meets sad faces and walks along the Thames River: “I wander thro’ … Near where the charter’d Thames does flow… every face I meet Marks of weakness, marks of woe.” (ll. 1-4)

The speaker’s intention or aim is to show how most people struggled during the time.

Furthermore, we can make a connection to the Industrial Revolution because of how the landscape and people are described in the first stanza. We hear that “every face I meet - Marks of weakness, marks of woe” (ll. 3-4).

The repetitions in first stanza has words as “Marks of weakness” and “marks of woe”, and by having that, the author is sure to catching the attention of the reader.

2. Stanza 2: What does he hear? Why are people unhappy? What does the metaphor “mind-forged manacles” represent? Comment on the effect of repetition.

Once again, the author has repetition in this stanza, and he manages to catch the attention of the reader. However, this time it’s further explored and therefore the effect is stronger. It creates empathy by showing the fear and sadness of children and men.

We get the sense of how unhappy, or even miserable people are in this city: “In every Infants cry of fear,” (l. 2).