1. Define Euthanasia
2. Analyse "Whose Life is it Anyway?" using the usual analysis-model
3. State the pros and cons of Euthanasia
The term euthanasia is used when describing the termination of a very sick individual's life to relieve them of their suffering.
When a person undergoes euthanasia, it is typically because they are experiencing immense irreversible pain due to their condition.
In most cases euthanasia is carried out by the assistance of a doctor at the person's request however, there are also times where the person may be too ill to decide
and the decision is carried out by relatives, doctors or as we have seen in recent times, by courts. Euthanasia stems from the Greek word "Euthanatos" which translates to an easy death.
Euthanasia is currently legal in about ten countries worldwide but under which circumstances depend widely on which country it is performed in and the ethics behind it is widely debated.
Some raise the question, under what circumstances can euthanasia be justified and when is it defensible, if at all? And if humans should have the right to decide between life and death?
Euthanasia is usually executed by either a doctor taking actions, in form of a lethal injection or by not taking any action necessary to keep a person alive.
Euthanasia can be categorized in three different ways. The first is voluntary euthanasia which is legal in some countries.
This is where a person's life is brought to an end at his or her request to relieve them of their suffering. This method is legal in some countries.
The second is the non-voluntary euthanasia. This is conducted when the consent of an individual is unavailable for instance when a person is in a persistent vegetative state.
This is legal in some countries but is a very ethically debated topic. The third category is involuntary euthanasia.
This occurs when it is performed on an individual who otherwise would be able to consent but does not because they did not wish their life to be brought to an end or because they were simply not asked.