The Barack Obama keynote speech was presented in 2004 at the Democratic National Convention. At the beginning of the speech, Obama tells about his and his ancestors’ own stories and experiences.

After that he starts talking about the United States of America, and how the beliefs and hopes, that finds place in the different communities, are not indistinguishable, because they all originate from the same place.

Through the speech he also mentions different historical events, that have affected the American values and ideological foundation.

He mentions events such as the Declaration of Independence. He also talks about the election and the person his party has chosen to lead the USA, John Kerry. Towards the end, he mentions his party and how he hopes the outcome of the election is going to be.


Obama also uses anaphors and epiphoras to express his point of view. A place where Obama uses an anaphor is when he talks about how much they still have to work on.

The anaphor I am talking about is, “more to do” (line 92-97). We also see it, when he says: “(...) who has the grades, has the drive, has the will, but doesn’t have the money to go to college.” (line 97).

This example is also a triad and a braking. He uses both anaphors and brakes several times in his speech. These rhetorical means emphasizes his purpose with the speech, because it clarifies his point of view, and what he means with the specific sentence or paragraph.

Obama also uses epiphoras, which creates the same effect as anaphors, an example of an epiphora, is: “Tonight, if you feel the same energy I do, the same urgency I do, the same passion I do, the same hopefulness I do(...)”(line 146-147). The only difference between an epiphora and an anaphor, is, whether it is the beginning of the sentence that is repeated or the end.