Mixed martial arts, also known as MMA, is a modern martial art which involves two opponents fighting each other in a ring using a variety of techniques from other combat sports and martial arts; therefore, the name mixed martial arts.
Text 1 is an article published in 2017 and written by Jenny Flinn.
In the text, Jenny Flinn defines what mixed martial arts is and that it is the second fastest growing sport in the world. He writes about UFC, the organization of MMA, struggling to survive because of negative public perceptions of its high levels of violence throughout the early 1990s. Since then MMA became much more popular, and according to a recent report, it is the second fastest growing sport in the world.
In text 2, Peter McCabe argues against mixed martial arts and for the sport to be banned.
From the very outset Peter McCabe is good at engaging the reader with the headline “How many more young people must die before mixed martial arts is banned?”. The headline is a rhetorical question with the purpose of grabbing the readers’ attention. An answer is not actually demanded, but McCabe forces the reader to reflect on his views.
To make his views on MMA more convincing, McCabe appeals to the reader with the three forms of appeals: Pathos, logos and ethos.
The writer uses pathos, seeking to engage the audience emotionally, when he talks about João Carvalho’s death and how his family feels: ‘’Everyone understands how agonising it is for a family to wait by the hospital bedside of their loved one, hoping and praying they will regain consciousness’’