India faces a number of problems. India has made primary education universal, but not good. India has the world’s biggest school system, but also one of the worst school systems in the world.
In 1931, Mahatma Gandhi informed the people of India that within the next century they would have universal primary education.
Child labor is a challenge for India. In addition to India creating one of the largest economies in the world, 33 million children aged 5 to 18 are in the labor market.
One third of this group is under 15 years of age. This makes India one of the world’s 5 highest concentrations of child labor. An underage laborer in the informal economy works at a silk factory in Sidlaghatta, India.
Here they are used and exploited with poor working conditions, long working days and a poor wage. Joachim Theis, UNICEF India’s head of child Protection from 2013 to 2016, said that child labor is seen as something that is very difficult to stop.
Since the 1930s, several laws have been enacted banning child labor in India. Amendments have been made to the existing legislation on child labor, which imposed a widespread 40 ban on children under the age 14 and increased sanctions for employers.